Pulmonary Hypertension

Pulmonary Hypertension: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Pulmonary hypertension is a type of high blood pressure that hits the arteries in your lungs and the right side of your heart. It gradually becomes more acute and can be life-threatening. Although there’s only a cure through treatments and medication as per the specialists’ doctors, consult and get your timely medications through an online pharmacy in the Philippines to reduce the symptoms and improve the quality of life.

What is Pulmonary?

The term pulmonary means “pertaining to the lungs.” It originated from the Latin root name Pulmo, which indicates lung. If individuals have a pulmonary condition, they have a lung infection, affecting their ability to breathe well.

What is pulmonary hypertension?

It is an exceptional lung disorder. The arteries that bring blood from the heart center to the lungs grow narrowed, making it tricky for blood to pass through the vessels. In the end, the blood pressure in specific arteries called pulmonary arterial hypertension increases far beyond average levels. Pulmonary arterial hypertension occurs in somebody of any age, family, and ethnic past. It is much more prevalent in young adults and is nearly twice as popular in women as men.

What is primary pulmonary hypertension?

Primary PH occurs as high blood pressure in the lungs. It’s a unique lung disorder in which the blood vessels in the lungs narrow, and the strength in the pulmonary arterial hypertension increases far beyond normal levels. The pulmonary arteries take blood from your body to the lungs, where carbon dioxide is bought for oxygen. It is a chronic and challenging disease that can commence with heart failure if it’s not managed.

Why does pulmonary hypertension cause shortness of breath?

It causes shortness of breath because the right side of the heart produces pain, forcing blood flow through the lungs, and it’s not growing to the left side of the heart and body. It puts pressure on the right side of the heart, which is not used to pushing against high pressure.

What are the pulmonary hypertension symptoms?

The symptoms occur slowly. You may not see them for years. PH symptoms become more severe as the disease progresses. 

Pulmonary hypertension symptoms include:

  • Shortness of breath during exercising and while taking rest.
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness 
  • Chest pain
  • Swelling in the legs and ankles, sometimes in the abdomen
  • Bluish color to your lips and skin 
  • Racing pulse
  •  heart palpitations

What are the causes of pulmonary hypertension?

There are several causes of PH. Usually, more than one device is required in a particular disease method. This can additionally change as the disease proceeds.

Pulmonary hypertension caused by left-sided heart disease

  • Left-sided heart valve infections, including a mitral valve or aortic valve disorder
  • Breakdown of the lower left heart chamber 

PH caused by lung disease

  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Pulmonary fibrosis, a disease that produces scarring in the tissue between the lungs’ air sacs
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Long-term illness to high altitudes in people who may be at higher risk 

Chronic blood clots

  • Chronic blood clots in the lungs
  • Other clotting disorders

Separate health diseases

  • Blood diseases, including polycythemia vera and primary thrombocythemia
  • Inflammatory disorders such as sarcoidosis and vasculitis
  • Metabolic disorders, including glycogen storage disease
  • Kidney disease
  • Tumors pressing against pulmonary arteries

What is pulmonary hypertension treatment?

Proper diagnosis and study of the problem are required before starting any treatment. The treatment differs by patient, based on the different underlying conditions; however, it usually involves:

  • Taking medicines
  • Performing lifestyle and dietary changes
  • Having surgery, if necessary
  • Consulting your doctor regularly


While pulmonary hypertension has no cure, you can live an active, fulfilling life by working with your doctor to manage your symptoms. Talk to your doctor before taking medicine.

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