Hypertension/High Blood Pressure: Dangerous Effects On The Body

When doctors measure blood pressure, they measure the amount of pressure the heart that applies against the walls of your veins. Hypertension/Dangerously high blood pressure can silently harm your body for years before indications come up. Uncontrolled hypertension can prompt disabilities, low quality of life, or even deadly heart failure or stroke. Treatment and way of life changes can help control your hypertension to diminish your risk of complications in the future. Here’s a glance at the complications uncontrolled hypertension can cause:

Harm to your arteries:

Healthy veins are strong, flexible, and versatile. Their internal lining is smooth so blood flows without any issue, providing imperative organs and tissues with essential nutrients and oxygen. Hypertension bit by bit builds the pressure of blood moving through your veins. Consequently, you may have:

Harmed and limited arteries: 

Hypertension can harm the cells of your arteries’ internal coating. At the point when fats from your daily diet enter your circulation system, they can gather in the damaged arteries. In the end, your artery routes become less elastic, constraining blood flow all through your body.


After some time, the consistent pressure of blood travelling through a weakened artery route can make a segment of its wall grow and build a lump (aneurysm). An aneurysm can possibly break and cause life-threatening internal bleeding. Aneurysms can build their shape in any wall, however, they generally grow in your body’s biggest vein (aorta).

Effect on the brain:

Extremely high blood pressure can cause side effects like a significant migraine, side effects of a stroke, seizures, and even demise. Your blood pressure can run so high that you get a break in any artery of the mind. This causes an intracerebral hemorrhage. An intracerebral hemorrhage is a hazardous stroke caused by internal brain tissue bleeding. Hypertension is likewise connected with vascular dementia, which is dementia brought up by a progression of small strokes over the years. Dementia is defined as a steady and permanent loss of brain functioning. It negatively influences memory, thinking, language, judgment, and human behaviour.

Read Also: What are the Symptoms of Hypertensive Emergencies?

Harm to your eyes:

Hypertension can harm the small yet sensitive veins that transport blood to your eyes, triggering: 

  1. Harm to your retina (retinopathy): Harm to the light-sensitive tissue at the rear of your eye (retina) can prompt bleeding in the eye, obscured vision, and complete loss of vision. You’re at a more serious hazard if you have diabetes as well as hypertension.
  2. Development of fluid under the retina (choroidopathy): Choroidopathy can cause distorted vision or scarring that disables vision.
  3. Nerve harm (optic neuropathy): Blocked bloodstream can hurt the optic nerve, prompting bleeding inside your eye or permanent vision loss.

Harm to your kidneys:

Kidneys filter extra liquid and waste from your blood — a procedure that needs healthy veins. Hypertension can harm the veins and prompt your kidneys to damage too. Having diabetes in addition to hypertension can worsen the situation. Kidney issues due to hypertension include:

  1. Kidney scarring (glomerulosclerosis): This kind of kidney harm happens when small veins inside the kidney become scarred and unfit to viably filter liquid and waste from your blood. Glomerulosclerosis can prompt kidney failure.
  2. Kidney failure: Hypertension is one of the most widely recognized reasons for kidney failure. Harmed veins do not let kidneys to successfully separate waste from your blood, permitting hazardous levels of liquid and waste to gather. You may, at last, require dialysis or kidney transplantation.

Harm to your heart:

Chronic high blood pressure can cause numerous issues to your heart, including: 

  1. Coronary artery disease: Arteries limited and harmed by hypertension experience difficulty transporting blood to your heart. At the point when blood can’t reach openly to your heart, you can have chest pain (angina), irregular heart rhythms (arrhythmias), or heart failure.
  2. Increase in size of the left heart: High blood pressure compels your heart to work more diligently to pump blood to the remainder of your body. This leads to the thickening of some portion of your heart (left ventricle). A thickened left ventricle raises your danger of heart failure, cardiovascular breakdown, and unexpected heart attack.
  3. Heart failure: Over time, the strain on your heart brought up by hypertension can lead to the weakening of the heart muscles and as a result, they work less productively. Gradually, your overpowered heart starts to fail. Harm from heart attacks adds to this issue.

Damage Reproductive system:

Your sexual organs utilize additional bloodstream during arousal. At the point when hypertension causes blockages to the veins prompting the penis or vagina, sexual dysfunction may take place. Men may make some hard times getting and keeping up an erection and ladies may experience the following:

  1. diminished arousal
  2. vaginal dryness
  3. inconvenience having an orgasm

Damage Skeletal system

Hypertension can cause bone loss, known as osteoporosis, by expanding the amount of calcium your body disposes of when you pee. Ladies who have just experienced menopause are particularly in danger.

Prevention Tips for lowering High blood pressure reading:

You should keep a close eye on your high blood pressure levels. In order to do that you are advised to check your blood pressure on a regular basis. Additional to this, here are some tips you should follow to keep your blood pressure levels in a healthy range:

Daily exercise: 

Regular physical movement —, for example, 150 minutes per week, or around 30 minutes most days of the week — can bring down your blood pressure levels by around 5 to 8 mm Hg if you have hypertension. It’s essential to be consistent because if you quit working out, your blood pressure will tend to rise again.

Decrease sodium intake in your daily diet: 

Indeed, even a little decrease in the sodium in your eating routine can improve your heart wellbeing and lessen high blood pressure measurement reading by around 5 to 6 mm Hg if you have hypertension.

Have a healthy eating routine: 

Eating a diet that is wealthy in whole grains, fruits, leafy veggies, and low-fat dairy items can bring down your blood pressure levels by up to 11 mm Hg if you have hypertension.

Stop smoking: 

Every cigarette you smoke leads to an increase in blood pressure levels for a long time after you finish. Halting smoking enables your blood pressure to come back to normal range Stopping smoking can lessen your danger of heat-related illness and improve your overall wellbeing.

Get support: 

Supportive loved ones can help improve your overall well being. They may urge you to deal with yourself calmly, drive you to the physician’s office or take up an exercise program with you to keep your blood pressure levels low. Having your family by your side can give you relief from anxiety high blood pressure too.

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