Malignant Hypertension

Malignant Hypertension: What Is It, Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Malignant hypertension may raise blood pressure in target organ harm. Try to take hypertension medicine through an online drugstore in the Philippines from the comfort of the home. This is carefree to get an online and same-day medicine delivery at your home anywhere in the PAN-Philippines.

What is malignant hypertension?

Malignant hypertension definition is notably hypertension that develops rapidly and causes some organ injury. Sometimes normal blood pressure may be seen in teenagers. A person with essential malignant hypertension has a bp around 180/120. There are different health concerns triggered by high blood pressure. Malignant hypertension should be implemented as a medicinal difficulty.

What causes malignant hypertension?

In many people, high blood pressure is the best idea of malignant blood pressure. In addition, special medical conditions can affect it. Dropping components of blood pressure medications can furthermore enable it. Here are the malignant hypertension causes they include:

  • Use of certain medications, including birth control pills and MAOIs
  • Collagen vascular conditions, such as scleroderma
  • Spinal cord damages
  • Tumour of the adrenal gland
  • Kidney infection
  • Use of illegal drugs, such as cocaine

What are the symptoms of malignant hypertension?

The primary malignant hypertension symptoms immediately improve blood pressure or higher and signs of organ damage. Regularly, the injury occurs to the kidneys or the eyes. Other symptoms of malignant hypertension include:

  • Blurred vision
  • Chest pain 
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Seizures
  • Blindness
  • Changes in mental status
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Dizziness
  • Numbness in the arms, legs, and face
  • Severe headache
  • Coma
  • Confusion
  • Drowsiness
  • Headache
  • Shortness of breath

How is malignant hypertension treated?

Malignant hypertension treatment is a medicinal emergency and requires to be managed in a hospital, usually in an intensive care unit. The specialist will monitor your signs and overall wellness when determining what medication treatment is most suitable for you. 

You will undergo blood pressure medicines within an IV, the quickest way to control high blood pressure. Once the blood pressure is at a satisfactory level, the medications may be adjusted to oral knowledge. Other methods depend on your particular symptoms and the possible causes of malignant hypertension; you may need kidney dialysis if you develop kidney failure. 

How is malignant hypertension diagnosed?

  • A diagnosis of malignant blood pressure is based on a blood pressure monitor and symptoms of severe organ damage. If you have indications of malignant hypertension, the specialist will:
  • Recheck your hypertension and high blood pressure and accept to your heart and lungs for abnormal vibrations
  • Measure your eyes to inspect for injury to the blood vessels of the retina and inflammation of the optic tissue
  • Order blood and urine analyses that may involve:
  • Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine levels, which rise if you have kidney injury
  • Blood clotting experiments
  • Blood sugar level
  • Sodium and potassium levels
  • Total blood count
  • Urinalysis to monitor for blood, protein, or abnormal hormone levels linked to kidney difficulties

New blood tests may be required, depending on the outcome of the tests noted above. The specialist will additionally request imaging tests, including:

  • Echocardiogram to monitor heart capacity and blood flow into the heart
  • Additional imaging tests to assess the kidneys and their arteries
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG) to monitor the heart’s electrical capacity
  • Chest X-ray to see the fitness and capacity of the heart structures and to identify fluid in the lungs


If you have high blood pressure, particularly monitor your blood pressure and practice your medicines accurately to reduce your risk. Consume a healthy diet that is low in salt and fat.

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