High blood pressure

High Blood Pressure During Pregnancy: Types, Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Some women have high blood pressure during pregnancy. Hypertension in pregnancy can put the mother and her baby in danger of problems during the pregnancy. High blood pressure for pregnancy can additionally provide problems during and after delivery.

The most significant thing to do is talk with your health care team about any blood pressure problems so you can take a well-defined treatment and even your blood pressure before you become pregnant. Taking treatment for high blood pressure is needed before, during, and after pregnancy.

What should I do if I have high blood pressure before, during, or after pregnancy?

High blood pressure before pregnancy

  • If you have any health challenges or have had any drugs, you are practicing. And you are proposing to become pregnant, talk to your doctor. Your doctor or health care company can treat you with medicines that are trustworthy to take during pregnancy.

During Pregnancy

  • Get an early and regular appointment with your doctor or health care professional.
  • Speak to your doctor about any medicines you take and which ones are secured. Do not stop or start practicing any medicine, including over-the-counter drugs, without talking with your doctor.
  • Keep a record of your blood pressure at home with a home Contact your doctor if your blood pressure is higher than usual or if you have symptoms of preeclampsia. 
  • Continue to choose healthy foods and keep a healthy weight.

After Pregnancy

  • Pay attention to how you feel after you deliver birth. If you had high bp during pregnancy, you have a more leading chance of stroke and other problems after delivery. Notify your doctor if you have signs of high bp after delivery. You might need emergency hypertension medical care.

Types of high blood pressure conditions before, during, and after pregnancy.

Hypertension in pregnancy can be divided into 3 different conditions.

Chronic hypertension

Sometimes a woman has preexisting gestational hypertension before she becomes pregnant. This may be related to chronic hypertension and is usually treated with blood pressure medication.

Doctors additionally think hypertension that occurs in the first 20 weeks of pregnancy to be confirmed.

Gestational hypertension

Gestational hypertension happens after the 20th week of pregnancy. It usually settles after delivery. When diagnosed before 30 weeks, there’s a higher chance it will progress to preeclampsia.

Chronic hypertension with superimposed preeclampsia

Women who have chronic hypertension before maturing pregnant can increase preeclampsia. This results when they experience protein in their urine or extra complications as the pregnancy proceeds.

What causes high blood pressure during pregnancy?

There are several possible causes of hypertension in pregnancy.

These include:

  • being overweight 
  • not gaining enough physical activity
  • smoking
  • drinking alcohol
  • first-time pregnancy
  • a family history of pregnancy-related hypertension
  • carrying more than one child
  • age (over 35)
  • assisted reproductive technology (such as in vitro fertilization, or IVF)
  • having diabetes or certain autoimmune diseases

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What are the risk factors for high bp during pregnancy?

Several risk factors could make high blood pressure more likely during pregnancy:

1. Lifestyle

Irregular lifestyle choices may begin pregnancy and high blood pressure. Being overweight or fat or not staying active are essential risk parts for high blood pressure.

2. Type of pregnancy

Women experiencing their first pregnancy are further likely to have high blood pressure. Luckily, there’s a lower chance of this state in subsequent pregnancies. Carrying multiples can do it more likely for a woman to improve hypertension because it is working harder to nourish more than one baby.

3. Age

Age can moreover be a factor. Pregnant women over the age of 35 are at higher risk. Before pregnancy, women who had high blood pressure are at higher risk of complexities during pregnancy than those with average blood pressure.

What are the symptoms of high blood pressure while pregnant?

Possible symptoms of hypertension include

  • High blood pressure
  • Too much protein in your urine
  • Swelling in your face and hands. Your feet may also swell, but many women have swollen feet during pregnancy. So swollen feet by themselves may not be a sign of a problem.
  • Headache that does not go away
  • Vision problems, including blurred vision or seeing spots
  • Pain in your upper right abdomen
  • Trouble breathing

What are the treatments for high blood pressure in pregnancy?

Delivering the baby can often cure preeclampsia. When deciding on treatment, your provider takes into account several factors. They include how hard it is, how many weeks pregnant you are, and what the potential risks to you and your baby are:

  • If you are more than 37 weeks pregnant, your provider will likely want to deliver the baby.
  • If you are less than 37 weeks pregnant, your health care provider will strictly monitor you and your baby. This takes blood and urine tests for you. Monitoring for the baby normally involves ultrasound, heart rate monitoring, and counting on the baby’s growth. You may need to take medicines to manage your blood pressure and to stop seizures. 
  • Some women additionally get steroid doses to support the baby’s lungs mature quicker. If preeclampsia is severe, your provider may want you to deliver the baby early.

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How to prevent high blood pressure during pregnancy?

Your health care provider will control your blood pressure and urine at each prenatal appointment. If your blood pressure reading is high, independently after the 20th week of pregnancy, your provider will want to run some tests. They may carry blood tests, other lab tests to look for increased protein in the urine and other symptoms.

The symptoms typically go off within 6 weeks of delivery. In rare cases, symptoms may not go endlessly, or they may not begin until after delivery. This cannot be easy, and it needs to be handled right away.

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