A recent analysis represents that of the COVID-19 deaths throughout the 66 administrative regions in Spain, Italy, Germany, and France, more than 78% took place in only 5 regions, as well as there were the most polluted. Several studies have associated NO2 exposure to the health damage, along with significant lung disease that can increase the chances of death rate in case they turn out to be a COVID 19 patient.
- The study organized in the US claims that those who live in areas with higher air pollution levels is related to an enhanced death risk from Coronavirus.
- This research is the first one to have a look at the association between the long-term exposure to the fine particulate air pollution i.e., PM2.5which is hugely produced from the fuel combustion through refineries, power plants, as well as cars and the death risk from Coronavirus in The United States, according to the researchers from The Harvard T H Chan School of Public Health.
- They found out that a bit of increment in the long-term exposure to PM2.5 results in an important increase in the Coronavirus death rate.
- For example, the study found that the Death risk rate of somebody who lives in a county having high PM2.5 levels for decades is 15% more as compared to the one who resides in the region which has only a single microgramme per cubic meter less pollution.
- Also, the results of this study highlight the significance of consistently enforcing the current air pollution regulations for protecting human health both during as well as after the Coronavirus crisis.
- The pollution levels which exceed air quality standards for over 100 days yearly increases Coronavirus infection risk 3-fold.
The study from Italy studied pollution when it comes to days every year when Ozone or PM10 exceeded security standards. Those people who have respiratory diseases such as COPD or asthma are at a higher risk of COVID-19 complications and infection.
The research which was published in the journal Science of the Total environment mixed satellite data on the air currents and air pollution with the confirmed deaths associated with Coronavirus. It disclosed that those regions which have permanently high pollution levels have importantly more rate of Death risk as compared to the other regions, as per the researchers at MLU (Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg) in Germany.
- The fine particulate air pollution, from industrial pollution, forest fires, and traffic emissions, is the most generally studied pollutant.
- These are carcinogens and their exposure boosts the risk of getting infected and dying from respiratory and cardiovascular disease.
Those COVID-19 patients who have this disease have a high probability of dying than a person who has not. That is why there is a possibility that fine particulates might enhance the death risk among Coronavirus patients. However, thanks to the widespread lockdowns across the world, the levels of air pollution and vehicle traffic have reduced.