Diabetes is a medical condition or disease in which the glucose level in your blood is too high. The glucose is the essential source of adding more energy to the body. This energy comes from the food that one consumes. Insulin is the most required hormone for developing energy in the body that one consumes from food.
Medically, there are two terms which are linked with diabetes.
Hyperglycemia is the condition in which the glucose level in the blood is high. It occurs when the insulin is either not produced in enough quantity inside the body or the cells are not able to use the insulin properly to absorb the glucose to absorb the energy for the cells. High blood sugar is one of the indicators of diabetes.
Hypoglycemia, on the other hand, is reversed. In this medical condition, the blood glucose level is less than the normal level. People tend to feel low in this medical condition and are also part of diabetes and its treatment.
Diabetes is of 2 types: Type1 and Type 2. We will discuss them in brief
Type 1 Diabetes: With this type of diabetes, a person’s pancreas produces no insulin. It occurs when the body’s defence system (the immune system) attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. This type of diabetes usually occurs in infants to people till mid-’30s in age. One can cure themselves by using injection or the pump to cure type 1 diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes: People with type 2 diabetes either don’t make enough insulin or don’t make the insulin that the body can use properly. At times, the entire body makes more insulin as compared to the normal body function. This is one of the common diseases in the world. Type 2 can usually be managed through diet, exercise, and self-monitoring blood glucose followed by the medication recommended by your doctor. According to the report of WHO the people who are likely suffering from diabetes are increasing because they are not able to take themselves at an early stage.
Signs of Diabetes
The following are 10 sign of diabetes which might help you know
Increased Urination: If you start to urinate very frequently, particularly if you have to get up in the night as well for it, this could be a symptom of Diabetes. The kidney starts kicking the extra glucose in the body with urine and that’s why frequent urination takes place. This is the signs of undiagnosed diabetes.
Excessive Thirst: As more and more liquid is flushed out of the body as mentioned above you start taking extra fluid to replenish the lost fluids. Thirst increases and this could be another symptom of oncoming diabetes.
Weight Loss: The insulin hormone isn't getting glucose into the cells, where it can be used as energy, the body thinks it's starving and starts breaking down protein from the muscles as an alternate source of fuel.
Hunger Increases: Another sign of diabetes, can come from sharp peaks and lows in blood sugar levels. The ones who are suffering from this trouble need to manage their hunger. Excess of food inside the body cannot be digested easily and that is why the management of sugar needs to be done properly.
Skin Issues: People also start having skin problems like itchy skin, or darkening of the skin. This is due to the resistance from insulin the body starts developing a patchy skin or it becomes dark.
Slow Healing of Wounds: Infections, cuts or wounds that are not healing quickly, is the sign of undiagnosed diabetes. The reason behind this, is blood vessels are damaged by the excessive amounts of glucose travelling in the blood. Due to this blood is not able to reach all parts of the body which is necessary for healing.
Fatigue: People suffering from diabetes tend to get tired early and feel fatigued. Due to excessive blood sugar, your body cells feel tired of not getting enough glucose, you tend to feel fatigued.
Blurred vision: Diabetes is known as the silent killer. It can affect different organs of your body. Very often we see that diabetic people suffer from blurred vision as well. Due to the high glucose level in the body, the lens shape gets changed and due to that vision gets blurred.
Swelling in the foot: Very often it has been noticed that diabetic people also get their feet swollen. The reason behind this is high glucose level in the blood at times does affect the nervous system and when you travel you tend to get your feet swollen.
Yeast Infection: Diabetic people tend to develop a yeast infection at various parts of the body due to high glucose levels in the body. The infection can develop between two fingers of hand or foot, or at your neck or even at your back.
Symptoms of undiagnosed diabetes are many, but one needs to make sure to check the doctor as soon as possible. 10 signs of diabetes are mentioned above which need to be considered all the time. Various medical conditions which can develop due to diabetes are as follows:
Heart and Blood vessel diseases: Diabetes dramatically increases the chances of heart attacks, cardiac arrests and narrowing of blood vessels.
Kidney Damage: At times, the person suffering from diabetes can lead to kidney issues and that is why managing the level of sugar with medicine is a must.
Tips to live healthy with Diabetes
Exercise daily: Exercise can help you remain fit even if you have been diagnosed with Diabetes. 30 minutes daily, you should devote yourself to your body.
Take proper medication: Consult your doctor and take the medicines as prescribed by the doctor. Do not change the medicines on your own. You are advised to consult your doctor before doing anything of this sort.
Yoga: Yoga is one of the best therapies to fight Diabetes. It has been noticed that due to Yoga, people are able to keep their glucose level in control.
Monitoring your glucose level: Keep an eye on your body glucose level and regularly keep checking it and make a chart to monitor it.