Adolescence is the transitional stage of development between childhood and adulthood, representing the period during which a person experiences various biological and emotional changes. Scientists denoted this period as “Storm and Stress” and stated, ” conflict is normal at this developmental stage.” During this period, adolescents suffer from various forms of problems/dysfunctions and conflicts, which ultimately impair normal psychosocial development aggravating psychosocial dysfunction.
Research has shown that the journey of Teenagers in life is very challenging. They go through a lot as they grow physically and emotionally. Adolescence is that exact stage when young people feel a lot of chemistry going on in their bodies, but they may not understand. During the premature stages of adolescence, science has shown that there is mental and emotional growth. Common mental health disorders now set in at this period when the changes are taking place. If they are not well managed, they may lead to psychological loss of an individual and a final crisis.
It’s normal for teens to be grumpy at times. But when do an adolescent’s mood swings indicate something more like a mental disease?
Mental illness is more familiar in teens than you think. But many types of mental illness are curable, and it’s just a matter of identifying the diagnosis.
- Globally, one in seven 11-18-year-olds experiences a mental disorder, accounting for 14% of this age group’s global hurdle of disease.
- Behavioral disorders, depression, and anxiety are among the most significant causes of disability and illness among adolescents.
- Suicide is the Third leading cause of death among 14-20 year-olds.
- The effects of failing to address adolescent mental health conditions expand to adulthood, harming both psychological and physical health and determining opportunities to lead fulfilling lives as grown-ups. While facing these issues, you can connect to your doctor or buy some necessary medicines while going to Arizona recreational dispensary near you.
What Are The Environmental Factors That Affect Teen’s Mental Health
Unlike biological or psychological causes, environmental causes tend to be stressors or hardships that adolescents deal with on a day-to-day basis. Ecological causes are psychologically based but farm to be pervasive in an individual’s life (uphold for more vast periods). Environmental causes of mental conditions in adolescents are regular, at their core, a consequence of stress. Familiar sources of stress in adolescence are social anxiety, isolation, and substance abuse. Other familiar sources of focus include:
- Trauma – Sexual, Physical, and Emotional abuse
- Car accident
- Demands at school or work
- Chronic illness
- Natural disaster
- Unstable or dysfunctional home environment – domestic roughness in the home.
- Earlier loss – such as the loss of a sibling or parent
- Unsafe living conditions
- Acts of violence – such as school shootings
- Feelings of inadequacy – Anger, loneliness, low self-esteem, and anxiety.
- Glimpse another person experiencing a traumatic affair
- Cultural or social expectations – societies that value attractiveness connected to thinness can be a factor in consequence of eating disorders
Top Seven Common Psychological Issue In Teens
Anxiety expresses unpleasant feelings of tension, worry, fear, or apprehension. These emotions can be associated with physical (bodily, somatic) symptoms, such as sweating, shaking, or fast heart rate. In adolescence, there may also be an impact on development. It is common to be diagnosed with both depression and anxiety. Symptoms can include excessive worrying, feeling agitated, restlessness, fatigue, tense muscles, difficulty sleeping, and panic attacks. A diagnosis of fear can only be made by a medical professional and includes a physical exam.
All young children can be mischievous, defiant, and impulsive from time to time, which is perfectly normal. However, some children have challenging behaviors that are outside the norm for their age. The most common disruptive behavior disorders include conduct disorder (CD), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD).
These three behavioral disorders transmit some common symptoms, so that diagnosis can be complex and time-consuming. A child or adolescent may have two conditions at the same time. Other aggravating factors can include mood disorders, family difficulties, substance abuse, and emotional problems. Behavioral disorders can influence adolescents’ education, and conduct illnesses may result in illegal behavior.
The teen also faces some Eating illnesses, such as bulimia Nervosa and anorexia nervosa, which commonly arise during adolescence and young adulthood. Eating conditions involve preoccupation and abnormal eating manners, accompanied in most instances by concerns about body shape and weight. This Anorexia nervosa issue may lead teens to premature death, often due to suicide or medical difficulties, and higher mortality than other mental illnesses.
Depression is a specific mental disease during adolescence, and it is characterized mainly by decreasing energy(physical symptoms), sadness (feelings), and loss of interest in activities (thoughts, behaviors). Other physical symptoms contain difficulty focusing and modifications in sleeping and appetite.
Sometimes, the physical symptoms are more prominent than the feeling of sorrow. It is not unusual for anxiety and depression to occur together in a mixed anxiety-depressive condition.
Suicide and self-harm
Suicide is the third leading cause of death in older adolescents (14-18 years). Risk factors for suicide are manifold and include toxic use of alcohol, barriers to accessing care, abuse in childhood, stigma against help-seeking, and permit to norms of suicide. Social media or any other type of digital media can play a huge role in either weakening or enhancing suicide prevention efforts.
there are various types of risk-taking behaviors for health in teens, such as substance use or sexual risk-taking, which begin during adolescence. Risk-taking behaviors can be an unhelpful strategy to cope with emotional difficulties and severely impact adolescents’ physical and mental well-being. Worldwide, the majority of heavy periodical drinking among adolescents aged was 14-20 years lived 15.6% in 2014, with males most at risk.
The use of cannabis and tobacco are other crises. Multiple grown-up teens smoke their first cigarette before the years of 19. Cannabis is the most widely used pill among youthful people, with about 3.7% of 15-18 years-olds using it at least once in 2016.
Perpetration of violence is a risk-taking behavior that can improve the likelihood of injury, death, involvement with crime, or lower educational attainment. Interpersonal violence was ranked among the highest causes of death of older immature fellows in 2018.
Substance Use Disorder
The list of teen mental disorders includes substance use disorder. That’s because teens use drugs and alcohol to self-medicate depression, anxiety, trauma, low self-esteem, and other underlying conditions.
Substance use becomes an unhealthy and dangerous coping mechanism for symptoms of teen mental disorders. And prolonged use can progress into an addiction. Scientists have found that the following factors increase the likelihood of substance use disorder:
- Genetic predisposition
- Environmental acceptance of heavy drug use
- Peer pressure
It is an important role to help if anybody around you is suffering from any mental disorder. Whether it is a child, adult, or teenager, immediate attention should be aimed to deal with the issue. Mental illness ranges from less intense to more extreme conditions, and physical health can impact mental health and vice versa. In such cases, we have mentioned some of the common psychological sicknesses in teens, which you should be aware of.